Coronary ischemia is a medical term used when there is lack of oxygen and blood in coronary arteries. It is also known as cardiac ischemia since it is linked with heart ailment and heart attacks.
What are the causes of coronary ischemia?
This type of ischemia occurs due to too much intake of fatty substances which gets struck to walls of coronary arteries and resultantly narrows arteries and thus constricts the flow of blood to heart. This lack of blood and oxygen supply to heart result into heart attacks. Coronary artery disease causes arteries constriction which reduces blood flow and this process is known as atherosclerosis. Thus we can say that arthrosclerosis is the most common cause of coronary ischemia.
Even factors like high blood pressure, inactive lifestyle, diabetes, excessive smoking, obesity, high cholesterol level too plays a big role in causing coronary ischemia.
What are the symptoms of coronary ischemia?
Some symptoms of coronary ischemia may last for longer period while others can last for few minutes only. Due to this, symptoms of coronary ischemia have been classified into typical and atypical symptoms.
Typical symptoms include chest pain which is the main indication of coronary ischemia. Other typical symptoms include clammy skin, vomiting, shortness of breath, nausea and sweaty palms. Typical symptoms of coronary ischemia can be mostly found in diabetic woman and elderly people. These symptoms include fatigue, stomach pain, anxiety and heartburn.
Treatment and prevention
Coronary ischemia can be treated but not cured. By making certain healthy lifestyle modifications, further blockage of arteries can be prevented. Healthy lifestyle along with prescribed medications can play a big role in improving one’s health.
- Smoking: Smoking is known to increase blood pressure and risk of high cholesterol in body. By quitting this awful habit, one can definitely reduce the risk of hospitalization for 2 years.
- Healthy diet: It is the most important factor to prevent coronary ischemia to affect your body systems. Enrich diet with food items low in saturated fat and cholesterol and those high in complex carbohydrates. Fruits, vegetables and grains are the best choices. These food items can reduce the risk of heart attack and other heart related disorders in a big way. Also one can include food items which are low in sodium intake and high in potassium.
- Physical activity: Involving yourself into physical activities helps magically in reducing blood pressure, stress and body weight. 30 minutes of physical activity is must to attain healthy lifestyle. Moderate exercising also helps in preventing coronary ischemia.