Colon rectal cancer is a cancer that develops in the colon, appendix or rectum. It starts as a polyp, a growth of tissue that starts in the lining and grows into the center of the colon or rectum. These growths resemble mushroom. But, not all the polyps are a cancerous growth. Adenoma, a type of polyp only can become cancer. Removing the polyps early helps to keep it from becoming a cancer.
The common symptoms of bowel cancer is sudden alter in bowel routines. Significant constipation or diarrhea, alteration in the consistency of the stool, persistent stomach discomfort, and discomfort with each bowel motion, continuous exhaustion and persistent bloatedness are some common symptoms of colon rectal cancer.
Since, colon rectal cancer develops very slowly; it takes several years before the tumor has grown huge enough to cause symptoms.
That’s why most of the time Colon Rectal Cancer symptoms are mistaken for other conditions such as Crohn’s illness, irritation bowl syndrome. Digestive tract complications also have similar symptoms. So, it is wise to seek advice from doctor as soon as you notice any abnormal bowel routines.
Even though the exact cause of colon rectal cancer is not known, there are certain known risk factors that affect the person’s chance of getting bowel cancer.
Age, having history of bowel disease like ulcerative colitis, family history of colorectal cancer are some risk factors that you can’t change. However, there are some other risk factors such as diet, lack of exercise, overweight, smoking, alcohol intake that can be linked to things that you do.
There are 4 main types of treatment for colon rectal cancer. They are surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and targeted therapies. One or more treatments may be used depending on the stage of cancer at the same time or used one after another. Besides regular medical care, complementary and alternative therapies are also used to treat colon rectal cancer.
Prevention of Colon Rectal Cancer
Follow a healthy diet that is low in animal fats and proteins and high in fiber content. Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables that are rich in fiber. Be smoke free and limit alcohol intake. Simply, health screening and lifestyle changes like eating fiber rich diet, regular exercise routine helps to avoid bowel cancer.