Hemorrhoid General Info and Treatment Options

What’s a Hemorrhoid?

Hemorrhoids are what people call the enlarged veins that are found in a person’s anus or rectum. They have a tendency to get swollen if a woman is pregnant due to the pressure exerted by an enlarged uterus. Men can have hemorrhoids too when guys strain during bowel movements, which usually occurs during constipation.

There are various treatment options for people who have a hemorrhoid. Figuring out which treatment to use will depend on understanding this medical condition.


Types of Hemorrhoids

One of the first things that people should understand is that there are a couple of types of hemorrhoids. There are internal hemorrhoids and external hemorrhoids. An internal hemorrhoid is usually painless. People don’t usually feel any pain whatsoever and the only symptom they get is bleeding during bowel movement.

An internal hemorrhoid is located or positioned at the inside lining of one’s rectum. Note that you can’t feel it either so there’s really no way of immediately telling that you have one or not.

External hemorrhoids on the other hand are located underneath the very skin that surrounds a person’s anus. Unlike the internal variant, these external hemorrhoids can be felt by the patient during swelling. People who suffer from them usually report that they are itchy or even painful during bowel movement.

The most painful external hemorrhoid is what doctors call a thrombosed external hemorrhoid. It’s the external type where the blood clots while within the swelling vein.

Treatment Options

There are medical treatment options for hemorrhoid and there are home care and alternative treatments that people can try on their own. As an added reminder, be sure to consult your doctor which type of home care treatment or alternative care method can be used for the type of hemorrhoid the patient is experiencing.

When a hemorrhoid is prolapsed, which occurs when internal hemorrhoids extend to the anus, a doctor can usually push it back up into the anus. A prolapsed hemorrhoid should be pushed back up to avoid getting an infection. If an infection occurs, other treatment options will be considered by your physician including surgery.

A thrombosed hemorrhoid can’t be pushed back up the anus. The clot is usually removed using a rather small incision, which basically constitutes a form of surgery. Doctors will also help patients prevent constipation.

Aside from the above mentioned medical treatments, there are home care options and alternative treatments that patients can try. One good example is a Sitz bath. The patient is made to sit in warm water for about 15 to 20 minutes. This procedure is done three times a day and may help reduce the inflammation.

Another alternative method of treatment is increasing the patient’s fiber intake. This reduces constipation, which eventually reduces the pressure on the rectum. People with hemorrhoids shouldn’t sit for long periods of time. If it cannot be avoided then they may use a rubber donut to sit on. Exercise is also recommended in order to relieve constipation.

There are over the counter medications that a patient can use but remember to ask your doctor which ones to get. Patients can use suppositories, ointments, and creams that are sold in drug stores. There are also medications that can help reduce the swelling of your hemorrhoids.

However, it should be noted that these do not cure hemorrhoids but only provide symptomatic relief.