Fibroids are a form of non-cancerous tumours which develop in the uterus of women. These fibroids compose of tissues and muscles and are generally non-malignant or benign in nature. This is a very common problem in women and more than 25 percent of women below 50 years suffer with uterine fibroids.
They are also termed as fibromyomas or just myomas. These fibroids can cause symptoms or they can be asymptotic. Some women do not feel anything, but some experience pain during periods, or urinary problems. These fibroids can be diagnosed by a gynaecologist or through an ultrasound or by an MRI. Fibroids are generally related to oestrogen levels in women.
TYPES OF FIBROIDS
Fibroids can be of many types:
Subserosal fibroids: These fibroids grow on the outer wall in the pelvis region and can be huge in their size. They are responsible for the pressure caused on the bladder.
Submucosal fibroids: Theses fibroids grow in the middle of the womb below the inner lining. These fibroids can cause heavy bleeding and are also responsible for miscarriages.
Intramural fibroids: Commonly found in women, these fibroids develop in the muscular wall of the womb. They grow inside the uterus and can cause abdominal distension due to urinary pressure.
Cervical fibroids: These fibroids grow in the canal of the womb; that is cervix.
Pedunculated fibroids: These fibroids grow on the outer wall and are connected to the womb through a stalk.
CAUSES OF FIBROIDS
- Genetic: Fibroids can occur because of genetic factors. The chance of having a fibroid occurs, if anyone in the family has them.
- Hormonal: Fibroids are directly linked with high oestrogen levels. They shrink in size when the oestrogen levels fall.
- Growth levels: Different growth levels caused by the protein and cell proliferation can cause fibroids.
- Demographic: Women from African descent have higher chances of developing fibroid than any other race.
- Other factors: Factors like menstruation at an early age, hypertension, uterine infections and alcoholism.
COPING WITH FIBROIDS
These are non-surgical methods of coping with the fibroids.
1. Fibroids can cause discomfort and pain to women. If the problem is related with pain, it can be cured by the prescriptive drugs given by the doctor. It helps in easing the pain and reduces the need for a surgery
2. If there is a heavy bleeding during menstruation, then carry extra sanitary napkins to avoid leakage and for hygienic purposes.
3. Heavy blood loss can cause anaemia, therefore eat diet rich in Iron, vitamins and minerals. This gives the body strength to cope up with the lost energy.
4. In pregnancy it is very risky and difficult to cope up with fibroids. Fibroids can increase the risk of miscarriages. It is required to go for regular check-ups and ultrasounds to rule out the threat they may pose to the baby. Sometimes, the pressure of the fibroids may lead to a premature delivery. Assess all the circumstances and prepare well in advance if suffering from uterine fibroids.
5. Fibroids can lead to a painful sexual experience. Talk to your GP and also use lubricants to ease the pain and discomfort caused by the fibroids.
6. Fibroids can cause frequent trips to the bathroom because of the pressure build up and backaches. Try to maintain a posture which does not put pressure on rectum or bladder and eases the pain.
If these methods are not enough in stopping the pain or discomfort caused by the fibroids, then it may require surgical intervention. Even when there is a recurrent miscarriage or a fertility issue, then also fibroids need to be operated.
The two types of surgeries which are commonly carried are hysterectomy and myomectomy.
a) HYSTERECTOMY: Hysterectomy is a procedure of removal of uterus from a women’s body. But, the ovaries are kept intact for the hormonal balance. This surgery can be performed through a vagina or through abdomen. When the fibroids are too large to be operated through a vagina, then an abdominal surgery with a general anaesthesia is performed.
b) MYOMECTOMY: This procedure is involved in removing only the fibroids and keeping the uterus intact. This allows the patient to retain the option of planning a pregnancy. Myomectomy requires an abdominal surgery via an incision or may be performed through laparoscopy where a telescope like thing is inserted via the abdominal wall or a hysteroscopy where a telescope like thing is inserted via vagina.
If the fibroids are too big then this surgical option leads to hysteroscopy because of heavy bleeding from the tumours. Chances of recurrence of fibroids are very high in this type of surgery because small fibroids are left untreated and they may grow again and again.
c) UTERINE ARTERY EMBOLIZATION: It is a method followed by doctors in which the blood supply to the fibroids is cut and the fibroid automatically starts degenerating.
d) ENDOMETRIAL ABLATION: This procedure may be necessary in some circumstances where the uterine lining is removed because of excessive bleeding.
In some cases where the fibroids are too aggressive and cancerous then, Hysterectomy is followed along with the complete removal of ovaries and fallopian tubes.
The article is a contribution by Jefferey. Jeff and his wife have been fitness experts for several years and that’s how they met while in a gym, the couple has great knowledge on different diseases and they research a lot on how these can be cured, visit how to get ripped fast and Get this ripped to learn more.