Stomach Problems during Periods

The menstruation cycle every month reminds us that we are capable of reproducing which is undoubtedly a very beautiful feeling.

But the menstruation cycle brings along a number of painful symptoms along with it like bloating, gas, diarrhea, pain in the lower back, hips, abdomen area, and constipation, etc. The various problems associated with the period occur either due to hormones or chemicals.

Keep in mind that an intricate balance of hormones and chemicals helps in normal ovulation and menstruation to take place every month.

The changes in both progesterone and estrogen hormones are responsible for any symptoms that occur.

They cause stomach problems during periods like gas, bloating, and constipation.

When menstruation occurs, prostaglandins chemicals are released from the body.

If prostaglandins are present in excess, it can cause uterine cramping and discomfort.

It also causes stomach problems during periods such as diarrhea, gurgly noises you that experience during periods as they cause increased contraction and motility of the smooth muscle of the digestive tract.

Women suffer from constipation problems prior to the menstrual period which gets resolved within the first few days of menstruation.

Even various studies have confirmed that women are likely to suffer from irritable bowel syndrome and other stomach problems during periods. Some women also suffer from gastrointestinal problems but not IBS during periods.

What Causes Clots During Menstruation?

It’s sad to reveal that there is a number of women in the world who experience clots during their menstruation periods. According to the National Institutes of Health, “blood clots are the clumps that occur when the blood hardens from a liquid to a solid (coagulates).”

Clots naturally control excessive bleeding during periods. Clots get formed when a large number of blood pools in the uterus before exiting through the vagina during periods.

When blood accumulates faster than what goes out from the uterus, clots occur. In many cases, clotting during periods is normal but in some cases, it may be a sign of a serious and life-threatening problem.

There are a number of factors that cause clotting during periods. Some of them are written below in the article- have a look!

Hormonal changes: Fluctuations in hormones are one of the major reasons for the formation of blood clots. Hormonal imbalance badly affects the frequency and intensity of a woman’s period by thickening uterine walls.

When uterine walls become thick, it results in heavy menstrual flow and blood clots. Changes in hormones can occur due to factors like ovarian cysts, excessive weight loss or gain, ovulation problems, menopause, and ovarian cysts.

Enlarged uterus: A woman suffers from blood clots during menstruation due to an enlarged uterus as well. During pregnancy, the uterus enlarges in order to accommodate the unborn child.

After delivery in most cases, the uterus shrinks back to its normal size.

But in when the uterus remains enlarged even after giving birth to the baby, blood starts collecting inside the uterus which results in the formation of blood clots which the body exits from the vagina.

Miscarriage: It is sad to say that miscarriage can cause women to start passing clots during menstruation.

The signs of miscarriage vary from individual to individual but some of the common signs of miscarriage are pelvic pain, abdominal pain, lower back pain, persistent heavy bleeding, and severe clotting.

Endometriosis: According to the endometriosis and fertility clinic, endometriosis can cause women to suffer from multiple blood clots during menstruation.

Endometriosis occurs when tissue that normally grows inside the uterus grows outside the uterus. It is a very serious reproductive condition for any woman.

This ailment causes heavy blood flow and severe menstrual blood clotting. Endometriosis condition can be easily treated with medication during its early stage but if this condition passes to later stages, only surgery can treat it.

How to Relieve Stomach Problems during Periods?

To cure stomach problems during periods, there are a number of remedies. These homely remedies are not only effective but simple to use. Explore them below!

  • Include high-fiber-rich food items, whole grains, cereals, and vegetables in your daily diet. Avoid too much intake of salt, alcohol, spicy food items, sugar, dairy products, and caffeine in your diet. Also, enrich the diet with colorful fruits and sprouts as they help in combating constipation etc.
  • De-stress yourself by using relaxation techniques like yoga, pranayams, meditation, deep breathing exercises in your regular lifestyle.
  • You would be glad to read that performing exercises on regular basis is an effective way to get relief from symptoms of menstrual periods. These exercises reduce stress and boost your digestive system to function in a much better and healthy way.
  • NSAIDs like Advil or Aleve helps in decreasing prostaglandin levels. But these medications should be taken only for a short-term period as they can upset stomach. But these NSAIDs should be avoided in case of bleeding abnormalities, pregnancy, history of stomach or intestinal ulcers, history of allergy to this type of drug and asthma, etc.