What Causes Clots During Menstruation?

It is sad to reveal that there are number of women in the world who experience clots during their menstruation periods. According to the National Institutes of Health, “blood clots are the clumps that occur when the blood hardens from a liquid to a solid (coagulates).”

Clots naturally control excessive bleeding during periods. Clots get formed when large amount of blood pools in uterus before exiting through vagina during periods. When blood accumulates faster than what goes out from uterus, clots occurs. In many cases, clotting during periods is normal but in some cases, it may be a sign of a serious and life-threatening problem.

Uterus and uterine tubes.
Uterus and uterine tubes. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

What causes clotting during periods?

There are number of factors that cause clotting during periods. Some of them are written below in the article- have a look!

Hormonal changes: Fluctuations in hormones are one of the major reasons for the formation of blood clots. Hormonal imbalance badly affects frequency and intensity of woman’s period by thickening uterine walls.

When uterine walls become thick, it results into heavy menstrual flow and blood clots. Changes in hormone can occur due to factors like ovarian cyst, excessive weight loss or gain, ovulation problems, menopause and ovarian cysts.

Enlarged uterus: Woman suffers from blood clots during menstruation due to enlarged uterus as well. During pregnancy, uterus enlarges in order to accommodate the unborn child.

After delivery in most of cases, uterus shrinks back to its normal size. But in when uterus remains enlarged even after giving birth to baby, blood starts collecting inside uterus which results in formation of blood clots which body exits from vagina.

Miscarriage: It is sad to say that miscarriage can cause woman to start passing clots during menstruation. The signs of miscarriage vary from individual to individual but some of the common sings of miscarriage are pelvic pain, abdominal pain, lower back pain, persistent heavy bleeding and severe clotting.

Endometriosis: According to endometriosis and fertility clinic, endometriosis can cause women to suffer from multiple blood clots during menstruation. Endometriosis occurs when tissue which normally grows inside uterus grows outside uterus. It is a very serious reproductive condition for any woman.

This ailment causes heavy blood flow and severe menstrual blood clotting. Endometriosis condition can be easily treated with medication during its early stage but if this condition passes to later stages, only surgery can treat it.