Menstruation is also called menstrual cycle, menses or in layman terms, periods. The menstrual cycle (28 days) is a series of cyclical physical changes that occur in women once they have reached adolescence.
Menstruation is the period (usually four days) when there is bleeding from the uterus through the vagina. Sex hormones such as Estrogen and Luteinizing hormone (LH) cause menstruation in women.
One woman’s health problem is Pre Menstruation Syndrome (PMS) which include cramping of muscles, bloating, headache, digestive ailments, nausea, hot temperature and other symptoms. This occurs prior to the onset of periods, and might continue through the period.
Due to the hormonal changes associated with menstruation women also go through mood swings, stress, depression and irritability. Around 10 % of women face such severe pain during periods that they are unable to go for work or to college/school.
Some of the ways a woman can relieve pain during menstruation are medicines such as non steroidal anti inflammatory (NSAID) drugs upon prescription by a doctor.
Other options include having a hot pack on the abdomen and massaging the abdomen region gently, exercising for 10 – 15 minutes. Ginseng and certain herbal teas also help in dealing with menstrual cramps and pain. Since stomach cramps are caused at times by dehydration, it is essential to drink plenty of water during periods.
Women need to take dietary precautions to minimize discomfort and PMS, as well as maintain health during periods. Coffee, salty and oily food and meat intake should be reduced, and women should drink plenty of fresh fruit juices and have salads.
Woman’s health needs are different from men, and this is much more pronounced with reference to the menstrual cycle. Relaxation techniques and yoga will help women deal with the stress associated with periods while regular exercise will keep their body supple and fit so that menstrual cramps are minimized.
Women also need to take extra sanitary care, by changing their sanitary napkins once every five hours and avoiding certain activities such as swimming. Sanitary pads should be non alcoholic and it is a good idea to avoid perfumed pads as they might cause allergic reactions. Women should also take dietary supplements such as Calcium, Vitamin B Complex, Magnesium and Folic Acid.
Woman’s health care is essential, especially during periods. By taking health care every woman can breeze through her periods as though it were a normal day.