Ischemic Heart Disease: Causes, symptoms and Treatment

Ischemic heart disease is a medical condition that affects the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart. The blood vessels get blocked or narrowed due to the deposition of cholesterol on their walls.

This, in turn, leads to less blood flow, nutrients, and oxygen to heart muscles which is indeed important for proper functioning of the heart.

In such a situation, the area of the heart that receives less blood eventually dies resulting in heart attacks.

Ischemic heart disease

Since heart pumps and supplies oxygenated blood to different organs of your body, any defect in heart can directly affect the blood flow to vital organs of your body like liver, brain, and kidney, etc.

This further leads to the death of tissue within these organs and their ultimate death.

Various studies and researches have concluded that ischemic heart disease is the most common cause of death around the world.

What are the causes of ischemic heart disease?

The various causes of ischemic heart disease are:

  • Smoking
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Stress
  • Genetic and hereditary factors
  • Hypertension
  • Hypercholesterolemia

What are the symptoms of ischemic heart disease?

The various symptoms of ischemia heart disease are:

  • Heart failure: It can result in difficulty in breathing or swelling of extremities due to weak heart muscle.
  • Angina pectoris
  • Acute chest pain: It can be associated with unstable angina, acute coronary syndrome and myocardial infarction.

Treatment for ischemic heart disease

The following treatment helps in treating ischemic heart disease in a great way!

Aspirin: It helps in expanding the life period of patients suffering from myocardial infarction. It also reduces the risk of myocardial infarction in patients suffering from unstable angina.

Statins: Increased level of cholesterol is one of the most prominent factors for ischemic heart disease. Statins help in reducing cholesterol levels in hypercholesterolemia. Statins decrease the occurrence of cardiac events by 60% and stroke by 17%.

Doctors use advanced devices such as defibrillators to give treatment related to cardiac issues. Stores such as defibs online are reliable enough for buying fully operational defibrillator and AED Machines online.

How to prevent ischemic heart disease?

Since the main causes of ischemic heart disease are fatty diet, stress and sedentary lifestyles, these should be avoided at any cost to prevent the occurrence of this life-threatening ailment.

Also, foods rich in saturated fats should be avoided as it will help in reducing lipid levels in the blood and prevent arteriosclerosis.

Exercising on a regular basis too helps in preventing ischemic heart disease. Also, it is important to keep cholesterol and blood pressure levels in a controlled state with proper treatment in order to prevent this disease.

Author bio: Rayn lives in San Francisco and is a CPR student who is planning to make a career in the sports and medical field. If you are interested in joining CPR classes near San Francisco you can check here to know more about how this training can help.

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